which, however, is wrong. The pesticide describes the (chemical) active ingredient. The plant protection product, on the other hand, is a finished formulation that can also consist of several active substances (pesticides). Pesticide residues are defined in Regulation (EU) 396/2005. They are residues of active substances currently or previously used in plant protection products [...] and their metabolic and/or degradation or reaction products. In practice, this includes residues that may originate from use in plant protection and biocidal products or veterinary medicine.
According to their mode of action, "pesticides" are grouped into:
- Herbicides against "weeds"
- Fungicides against moulds
- Insecticides against insects
- Acaricides against mites and ticks
- Plant growth regulators
Pesticides are used to prevent, destroy or control harmful organisms ("pests") or a disease, or to protect plants and plant products during production, storage and transport.
There are currently 476 active substances authorised in the EU and EU harmonised MRLs have been set for more than 1300 pesticides affecting 378 food products/food groups. Frequent changes in the regulation make it necessary to control more and more metabolites.
In 2020, 1036 events were reported worldwide.